Maple Sugaring – Rite of Spring

Spring is here with the calls of red-winged blackbirds, melting snow, muddy roads and buckets hung on maple trees, tapped to collect sap. New Englanders wait a long time for spring to arrive. Michael Kelly, a blogging friend from L.A., recently commented, “I like the Northeast very much, but I’m astonished that people can maintain such patience and appreciation in living where winter has been so long & harsh.” I had to laugh because I myself often wonder about the state of my sanity living in this climate! Yes, we are a bit crazy, but we are rewarded come summer when most of the U.S. is sweltering, we live comfortably with temperatures in the upper 70s and 80s (F). We have only a few hot days in the 90s, but most days are tolerable and not too humid.

I realized that it is the long deprivation we endure in winter that heightens our appreciation when the warmer weather finally does arrive. Walking about yesterday I was quite ecstatic! Like Maria singing, “The hills are alive with the sound of music!”

I drove past a local sugarhouse and saw steam billowing out of the roof vent, pleased to note another official sign that spring is truly here.

The Boyden's Sugarhouse Boiling Maple Sap

Boyden Bros. Sugarhouse boiling maple sap.

I stopped in to buy some melt-in-your-mouth maple sugar candy and thought I would check out the process of boiling sap while I was at it.

Howard and Jeanne Boyden, along with their two sons and an army of helpers, have been collecting and boiling sap to make maple products for most of their lives, as have several generations of Boydens before them. (Howard’s ancestors were among the founding fathers of this town back in 1767.) They are some of the nicest folks you could ever hope to meet.

The process of turning maple sap, which comes out of the sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) at 98% water and 2% sugar, into maple syrup which is 33% water and 67% sugar, is a lengthy one. It requires a lot of work and sometimes very long days. The season in which sap flows at its tastiest is a short one, occurring at the end of the winter when the weather turns to spring.

Maple Buckets and Mud Season

Maple buckets line a road during Mud Season.

Sap is Running!

Sap is running! Drip, drip, drip!

Trees are tapped with special spigots that drip sap into buckets or through a series of tubing that empty into holding tanks. Here’s where the army of helpers come in, driving pickup trucks with larger tanks strapped on, they empty the buckets and siphon out the holding tanks, then transport the sap to the sugarhouse. On days the sap is really running, they may make several trips a day.

Using a specially designed evaporator, the sap is boiled through a series of channels until it reaches 219.5 degrees, the right consistency for maple syrup. It takes roughly forty gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup.

Howard tending the evaporator - the humid air smells sweet!

Howard tending the evaporator – the humid air smells sweet!

Adding wood to the fire.

Batch adding wood to the blazing fire beneath the evaporator.

The syrup is then put through a filter and bottled.

Freshly made syrup goes into the filter press.

Freshly made syrup goes into the filter press.


Jeanne changes the filters periodically through the day.

Jeanne changes the filters periodically throughout the day.

Jeanne adjusting newly changed filters.

Jeanne adjusting newly changed filters.

The syrup is graded by its translucence. There are two grades, A and B. Grade A, which is divided into three categories – Light, Medium and Dark Amber – is considered the finest, what we put on pancakes, for instance. While B, darker with a heavy maple flavor, is used for cooking and baking. The first run of the season is very light and each run generally becomes darker.

Each daily run is graded.

Each daily run is graded.

Weather, particularly temperature, affects the run and length of the season. If the temperature does not rise above freezing, the sap doesn’t flow. So the gaps in dates you see above may indicate cold periods. Best flow is achieved when the temperature rises into the 40s (F) during the day and below freezing at night.

The delicious finished product!

The delicious finished product!

The Boydens also make maple cream, which is made by further boiling and whipping the syrup (OMG, if you’ve never tried maple cream, you are seriously missing out on one of the world’s most amazing treats!) as well as candies shaped like maple leaves and hearts. At Christmastime, they offer ones shaped like little conifers and stars. Their prices are very reasonable, given all the work that is involved, and they accept mail orders. They may be reached at and are a CISA member.

For more information about maple sugaring in Massachusetts, visit the Massachusetts Maple Producers Association.

For a brief history of maple sugaring, originally introduced by the Native Americans to European settlers, read here.

Related article (in depth explanation of current sugaring technology): Sugaring 2013 – The New Evaporator

About Eliza Waters

Gardener, writer, photographer, naturalist
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34 Responses to Maple Sugaring – Rite of Spring

  1. Now that was a photoblog Eliza! Educational, entertaining, artistic. That one of happy ruddy cheeks pouring the crude syrup for filtering is pure Norman Rockwell. The subliminal advertising is quite effective too….must find fresh maple cream (G)

  2. mk says:

    This sounds silly, but your pictures of the trees and the hills and the people making a food from a gift of nature — well, it is just astonishing to me. Real landscape, real people, real nature, real labor, real food. I’m in awe.

    • Eliza Waters says:

      I love your comment, not silly! It makes me realize how uncommon this practice is, confined to this area and Canada. It is part of the fabric of our life here. As an aside, truthfully, I look at ALL food as a gift from nature. 🙂

  3. Kina says:

    What memories that brings back. I remember Mr. Robinson driving a horse-drawn wagon to collect sap from our trees. We loved riding along and following him back to the sugar house. I have been away from New England for many years but have stayed faithful to our great maple syrup. And you are right. Maple cream is the best!! Thanks for sharing this great piece today!!

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Thanks, a bit of home for you! I must have missed the horse days by a few years, I only remember the series of tubing. When Rose & I got thirsty, we’d pull one off, have our drink, then reattach it. It’s a wonder it didn’t give us the runs! 😉

  4. kat2166 says:

    What a great post! Thank you for taking us through all the steps.

  5. Wonderful post. I never knew how maple syrup is made. I learned a lot reading your blog today!

  6. Robbie says:

    I agree with the comments above, great photo blog story! I LOVE maple syrup:-) I just had some on my blueberry pancakes yesterday morning. I love all the picture:-), but what really caught my eye in your pictures was the “joy” you captured in your pictures of the folks! As you told your story you caught the mood + that is hard to do, but you did it! Thank you for taking the time to take all of us on a tour…+ you are so right about our long winters, but our summers are not as nice as yours we suffer the “humid” weather + drought too often….your summer climate sounds perfect!

  7. Sharon K. says:

    I love the idea of these people making something so wonderful out of these fantastic trees. Talk about eating local!

    It’s very interesting, the process, and still quite old fashioned. This is quintessential New England as I imagine it.

    Thank you for sharing 🙂

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Thank you, Sharon. The sugar maple is probably my favorite tree. Aside from the bounty of its sap, in spring the leaves unfold chartreuse green, deepening to dark green in summer; wonderful shade tree and the sound of the wind rustling its leaves is divine, then of course, the famous blaze of autumn. I’m even in love with its winter, bare bones silhouette.

  8. dorannrule says:

    Well, now I am all prepped for maple sugar candy and maple cream! Have never had maple cream but it sounds fabulous. Thanks for sharing the spring rites in your part of the world and for the wonderful tour through the process of creating delectable delicasies from nature.

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Thanks for your comment, Dor. Maple cream (no dairy involved) is a product where the syrup is cooked to a higher temperature, then whipped. I love it on toast or scones – beyond delish!:-)

  9. ladyfi says:

    What a fascinating tour. And everything done by hand. I understand now why real maple syrup is expensive.

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Yes, Fi, seeing the process really makes you appreciate it. There is a lot of work involved and from what I see at Boyden’s, it is a labor of love. Thanks for commenting. BTW, I’m loving your blog. 🙂

  10. Your postings always make me miss the NE. It’s my favorite place to live. thanks for taking the time to add all the photos in the posting. It really makes you appreciate the work that went into this process.

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Where did you live in the NE? Did you go to school here? Lots of folks come to study, then settle here. The four distinct seasons are a big attraction and the summers are milder than many places in the U.S. (for which I am grateful!) Blessings!

  11. I love this post because I always wondered how maple syrup was actually extracted from the trees, and you have so well clarified this procedure on this post. My heart goes out to all these workers who keep this natural and organic market going, despite hostile weather conditions.

  12. Trifocal says:

    Despite living on the other side of the Atlantic I have tasted maple syrup, and very good it was too. Very interesting to have the process of making it explained so clearly. Thank you for posting this 🙂

    • Eliza Waters says:

      I’m afraid many of us here in New England take maple syrup for granted, but it is a very special thing. Thanks for stopping by and commenting.

  13. So very interesting and so much work. I’m a native Chicagoan so we don’t see anything like that around here:) We do, however, share long, hard winters and this was certainly one of them. Great photographs. Thank you.

  14. Delightful to read about the process! Photos were an added plus! I recall, many moons ago, in the Spring of 1979, enjoying maple syrup and scrambled eggs out in the countryside of Quebec, Canada. I was a bit hesitant to eat it at first, but did, and was pleasantly surprised! Your piece brought back a good memory! Thank you! and thank you for your visits to my blog!

  15. What a fascinating article and so good to see an age-old process continuing. If ever I get to America I will seek this place out!

    • Eliza Waters says:

      Thanks, Deb, if you came in March (sap flows only 2-3 wks.), you would be most welcome – the Boydens are awesome folk. It is coming up upon that time again, we so look forward to it because it means Spring!

  16. Robin says:

    Thanks for pointing me in this direction, Eliza. 🙂 That’s one of the things I miss about NE Ohio, the sugar maples, and then riding through some of the towns and seeing all the taps and buckets on the trees. The syrup, too, of course. I don’t think sugar maples do very well down here, but I’m not sure. We certainly haven’t seen many of them.

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